Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://dx.doi.org/10.18419/opus-12374
Authors: Correa, David
Title: 4D printed hygroscopic programmable material architectures
Other Titles: 4D gedruckte, hygroskopische, progammierbare Material-Architektur
Issue Date: 2022
Publisher: Stuttgart : Institute for Computational Design and Construction, University of Stuttgart
metadata.ubs.publikation.typ: Dissertation
metadata.ubs.publikation.seiten: xliv, 340
Series/Report no.: Research reports / Institute for Computational Design and Construction;9
URI: http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:bsz:93-opus-ds-123939
http://elib.uni-stuttgart.de/handle/11682/12393
http://dx.doi.org/10.18419/opus-12374
ISBN: 978-3-9819457-9-9
Abstract: Developing Materials that can change their shape in response to external signals, like heat or humidity, is a critical concern for architectural design as it enables designers to develop building components that can be programmed to transform in response to changing environmental conditions. However, developing a stimulus-responsive material requires the architect to extend its level of engagement from the macroscale of the building into the much smaller scale of the material’s micro- and meso-structure. In this thesis, a novel approach for the 4D printing (4DP) of hygroscopic responsive shape-changing mechanisms is proposed and analysed. This approach engages the design of mesoscale technical structures, via a precise material deposition, that harness the anisotropic properties inherent to the fabrication process and the constitution of the printing material itself. Organization models from biological organisms, such as motile plant structures, are abstracted into smart 4D printed techniques to preprogram water induced shape-change using copolymers with embedded cellulose fibrils. This principle enables expansion or contraction forces, whose direction and strength are dependent on the architecture of the 3D printed structure. A series of experiments are described that validate the transfer of known hygroscopic bilayer principles from lamination processes to 3D printing (3DP). They demonstrate the increased programmable control of the 4DP technique through functional gradation, moisture control and multi-phase motion; and present the augmented kinematic capacity of the novel 4DP technique. In addition to the self-shaping mechanisms, the possibilities and challenges of using 4DP structures in architectural applications, such as aperture assemblies and flap mechanisms are discussed. The presented techniques, and bio-inspired approach to material organization, demonstrate the first successful application of differentiated Wood Polymer Composite (WPC) 3DP for programmable hygroscopic shape-change. The experiments can help to form the basis for complex stimulus-responsive building components capable of performing autonomous transformations in technical applications for thermal and moisture regulation.
Appears in Collections:01 Fakultät Architektur und Stadtplanung

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