Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://dx.doi.org/10.18419/opus-13750
|Experimental multi-scale characterization using micro X-ray computed tomography
|Stuttgart : Institute of Applied Mechanics
|Publication series of the Institute of Applied Mechanics (IAM);14
|The effective mechanical and hydro-mechanical behavior of porous media, granular solids, and related materials with complex morphologies is intimately linked to their internal microstructure on the pore/grain scale. For microstructural characterization, transmission micro X-Ray Computed Tomography (µXRCT) has emerged as a crucial three-dimensional (3D) imaging technique that can provide structural information from the micrometer to centimeter scale. Due to its non-destructive nature, it can be excellently combined with time-dependent investigations, either ex situ or in situ. In particular, the possibility of coupling mechanical or hydro-mechanical characterization with µXRCT-based 3D imaging in situ allows many physical phenomena to be studied in more detail and consequently understood more comprehensively. For example, the microstructure evolution can be observed under various controlled boundary conditions and linked to measured effective quantities. New insights and improved understanding can ultimately positively influence modeling approaches. In order to be able to perform such multi-scale studies, a modular, open, and versatile lab-based µXRCT system was developed within the scope of this work. It provides a spatial resolution of down to less than 10 µm. The developed system has an integrated universal testing machine that enables in situ compressive, tensile, and torsional studies as well as their combinations, parallel or sequential. Furthermore, hydro-mechanical coupled phenomena can be investigated using appropriate equipment, such as triaxial flow cells. Thanks to the open and modular concept, the developed system can be used in the future for a wide variety of multiphysics research questions and can be considered as an open experimental platform. Employing the established system, various multi-scale phenomena from different material classes are motivated and partly investigated in more detail within this work. For this purpose, classical experimental characterization methods are combined with µXRCT-based 3D imaging ex situ as well as in situ. Among others, 3D imaging is combined with ultrasound wave propagation measurements to investigate the influence of artificially generated crack networks in Carrara marble by different thermal treatment protocols. Load-sequence effects are demonstrated on an open-cell foam sample. An in situ workflow is shown to investigate the not-well-understood effective stiffness behavior of biphasic monodisperse granular packings of stiff and soft particles of different volume fractions at different stress states. The fracturing of a rock sample in a triaxial flow cell shows possibilities of application in the context of fracture mechanics. All resulting data sets, including metadata, are available via the Data Repository of the University of Stuttgart (DaRUS).
|Appears in Collections:
|02 Fakultät Bau- und Umweltingenieurwissenschaften
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