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Authors: Meyer, Helmut W.
Hülser, Dieter F.
Title: Extraordinary biological membrane structures resulting from different local membrane curvatures
Issue Date: 1992 Konferenzbeitrag Belger, Frank (Hrsg.): Natural structures : proceedings of the 2. international symposium of the Sonderforschungsbereich 230. Vol. 3. Stuttgart : Vorstand des SFB 230, 1992 (Natürliche Konstruktionen 8). - ISBN 3-927078-07-7, S. 23-29
Abstract: The bilayer arrangement of amphiphilic molecules is not only the basic structure of rather flat biological membranes, but also of regularly curved bilayers in most cubic phase structures. The basis of these cubic phase structures are infinite periodical minimal surfaces (IPMS). Extraordinary biological membrane structures resembling such IPMS were found as periodically curved bilayers in areas of the plasma membrane in a Streptomyces strain and in liposomes prepared from its extracted lipids. This structure consists of a transition of convex to concave curvatures and vice versa. A structure with curvatures in one direction only was observed in vacuolar membranes of yeast cells with a genetic defect. Our electron microscopical analysis of freeze fractured membranes of these cells revealed not only fully invaginated but also flat particle-free areas which were mainly circularly shaped, some elongated areas, however, were also present. In addition, sometimes periodical arrangements were detected which obviously are not related to IPMS structures. Both structures, however, indicate a high proportion of wedge-shaped lipid molecules in the bilayer.
Appears in Collections:04 Fakultät Energie-, Verfahrens- und Biotechnik

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