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Authors: Braun, Martin
Title: Models for transient simulations of decentral power generation : implementation and verification in PowerFactory
Issue Date: 2005 Abschlussarbeit (Diplom)
Abstract: As part of the Institut für Solare Energieversorgungstechnik (ISET) e.V. in Kassel, the Design Center for Modular Supply Technology (DeMoTec) has the facilities for testing a variety of low-voltage power grid configurations. These configurations consist of decentralized power generation components in the kilowatt range. Transient simulations of components and grid configurations with MATLAB/Simulink, ATP-EMTP and SIMPLORER support research activities in this field. The aim of this work is to add a fourth tool - PowerFactory - which offers additional features for this application. All four simulation tools have their own specific characteristics which make them most suitable for particular applications. This work investigates the features of PowerFactory developed by DIgSILENT. The investigation uses components for grid configurations which are available in DeMoTec in order to verify the results of the simulations by measurements. The island grids which are investigated comprise three components: a bi-directional battery inverter which is able to form a grid, an asynchronous generator which simulates the feed-in of wind power, and a load which represents consumers and their consumption behaviour. In order to allow these components to be used in PowerFactory, this work presents the following three parts for the implementation of the components' models: 1) PowerFactory does not comprise a generic model for a battery inverter. However, single phase models in MATLAB/Simulink and ATP-EMTP are available which deliver details for the development of a PowerFactory model. For the implementation, the available models are enhanced to a three phase model and adjusted to the simulation environment of PowerFactory. 2) PowerFactory comprises a model for asynchronous generators. This generic model is adjusted to the considered asynchronous generator in DeMoTec. The electrical parameters of the analysed asynchronous generator are measured for this adjustment process and an optimisation process is performed to determine best fitting parameters. 3) A generic model for loads is available in PowerFactory. It is adjusted to correspond to the loads used in DeMoTec. The models implemented in PowerFactory form different configurations of island grids. Within these island grids, PowerFactory simulates characteristic load changes. The selected components enable measurements of the same load changes in the same grid configurations in DeMoTec. A comparison of the measured and simulated data shows a good congruence with few deviations. This thesis uses the power system analysis tool PowerFactory from DIgSILENT for transient simulations of decentralised power generation components in low-voltage grids which operate with a variable frequency and a variable voltage. Moreover, this thesis verifies the simulation results and illustrates their quality by comparing measured data at DeMoTec with simulated data using PowerFactory. Finally, one of the advantages of this simulation tool is presented by simulating a large grid configuration which is not available in the limited laboratory environment of DeMoTec.
Appears in Collections:05 Fakultät Informatik, Elektrotechnik und Informationstechnik

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