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Authors: Vishwakarma, Bramha Dutt
Title: The GRACE event calendar
Issue Date: 2012 Abschlussarbeit (Master)
Abstract: GRACE mission is a joint venture of NASA and GFZ. This mission was launched to provide with unprecedented accuracy, estimates of the global high resolution models of the Earth’s gravity field. The study of time-variability of Earth’s gravity field is very helpful in climate sciences and earth’s sciences studies. People have done a lot of work to demonstrate the effect of many natural phenomenon on gravity. Gravity estimates from GRACE are used for estimating mass redistribution at continental scale. So, we can observe hydrology, seismology and glaciology potential areas where GRACE can be useful. This research work focuses on identifying the hydrological events such as floods and drought, seismic events such as earthquakes and volcanic activity and also the glacier melting in the GRACE time-series. The work includes the development of strategy for the analysis of these events keeping in mind their behaviour and GRACE limitations of spatial resolution and sensitivity. Further in this work we would produce a event calendar for such events stating whether gravity changes caused by such events are visible to GRACE. Calendars are generated for hydrological events, floods and droughts separately and also for earthquake events. For rest of the phenomenon we have not generated calendars since these events are very few in numbers. This work is a qualitative analysis, so we could observe whether GRACE signal is able to observe these events or not. Hydrological events are observed by searching outliers in the grace observed time-series. The large floods such as 2009 Amazon floods can be seen when we take whole catchment, but the small floods affecting smaller region such as Sao Paulo flood is not visible in catchment time-series, so we have to go for selected area time-series generation. The factors such as time period for floods and droughts are very important factors when we want to observe them by GRACE. Earthquakes visibility depends on range rate amplitude, and also the quality of ΔC20, we have discussed these aspects while analysing earthquakes occurred in last decade from GRACE. We have given the possible explanation for the events not visible, and those visible have helped in the development of a methodology for analysis of a particular event. The volcanic activity in Caldera and Bolivia are pushing earth upward so we can expect some signal, but the spatial extent of these areas is small with caldera area greater than that of Bolivia, only caldera showed a trend. We also did trend analysis for 2 Asian glaciers and a part of Greenland for observing the melting of these ice masses. The work finally produces a series of events which we were able to observe by GRACE and we also get the methodology suitable for analysis of an event.
Appears in Collections:06 Fakultät Luft- und Raumfahrttechnik und Geodäsie

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