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Authors: Becker, Gerd
Rößler, Manfred
Title: Tris(trimethylsilyl)- und Tris(trimethylstannyl)bismutan sowie Tetrakis(trimethylsilyl)dibismutan (Trimethylsilylverbindungen der Vb-Elemente ; 3)
Other Titles: Tris(trimethylsilyl)- and tris(trimethylstannyl)bismuthine as well as tetrakis(trimethylsilyl)dibismuthine (Trimethylsilyl derivatives of Vb-elements ; 3)
Issue Date: 1982 Zeitschriftenartikel Zeitschrift für Naturforschung, B 37 (1982), S. 91-96
Abstract: Chlorotrimethylsilane and sodium/potassium bismuthide, easily prepared from finaly powered bismuth and sodium potassium alloy in 1,2-dimethoxyethane (DME), react to give tris(trlmethylsilyl)bismuthine (1) in 48% yield. When compound 1 is treated with chlorotrimethylstannane all trimethylsilyl substltuents are successfully replaced by stannyl groups and tris(trimethyllstannyl)bismuthine (4) is obtained. As in analogous reactions of other tris(trimethylsilyl) derivatles of Vb-elements with methyl lithium in diethylether/tetrahydrofuran (THF), one trimethylsilyl group of tris(trimethylsilyl)bismuthine (1) can also be removed, and lithium bis(trimethylsilyl)bismuthide' 2 THF (5) is formed. With 1,2-dibromoethane bismuthide 5 reacts with metal halogen exchange to give green lustrous needles of tetrakis(trimethylsilyl)dibismuthine (6). In contrast to other dibismuthines described in the literature, this compound is thermally rather stable and can be isolated in preparative amounts. Similar to several distibines a colour change from green to red, resp. orange-red occurs on melting or dissolving dibismuthine 6 in organic solvents.
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