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Authors: Laerum, Ole D.
Hülser, Dieter F.
Rajewsky, Manfred F.
Title: Electrophysiological properties of ethylnitrosourea-induced, neoplastic neurogenic rat cell lines cultured in vitro and in vivo
Issue Date: 1976 Zeitschriftenartikel Cancer research 36 (1976), S. 2153-2161. URL
Abstract: A comparative analysis was performed on the electrophysiological properties of 11 neoplastic neurogenic cell culture lines and five other cell lines of different origin (HV1C, rat bile duct carcinoma; BICR/M1 RK , rat mammary tumor; HeLa, human cervix carcinoma; 3T3, mouse embryo; REe, rat embryo). Neurogenic lines were derived either from N-ethyl-N-nitrosourea-induced neoplasms of the nervous system or from cultured fetal rat brain cells that had undergone neoplastic transformation in vitro after exposure to Nethyl-N-nitrosourea in vivo. Electrical membrane excitability was lacking in all neurogenic cells analyzed. Their membrane potential and input resistance values were similar to those of the nonneurogenic lines. Intercellular ionic coupling was consistently observed between cells of a fibroblastoid shape or cells bearing multiple cytoplasmic processes (i.e., all neurogenic lines HV1C, BICR/M1RK , and 3T3). Epithelioid cells (i.e., HeLa, REe, an NV1C subpopulation, and a GV1C1 variant) showed no such intercellular communication. In vivo monolayer cultures on glass coverslips were obtained by a modified i.p. diffusion chamber technique. Under these conditions, the cells (with the exception of a glioma-derived cell line) retained the morphological appearance and electrophysiological properties observed in vitro.
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