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Authors: Pieper, Dietmar H.
Engesser, Karl-Heinrich
Don, Robert H.
Timmis, Kenneth N.
Knackmuss, Hans-Joachim
Title: Modified ortho-cleavage pathway in Alcaligenes eutrophus JMP134 for the degradation of 4-methylcatechol
Issue Date: 1985 Zeitschriftenartikel FEMS microbiology letters 29 (1985), S. 63-67. URL
Abstract: Methylsalicylate-grown cells of Pseudomonas sp. WR 401 cometabolized 3-, 4- and 5-substituted halosalicylates to the corresponding halocatechols. Further degradation was unproductive due to the presence of high levels of catechol 2,3-dioxygenase. This strain acquired the ability to utilize 3-chlorobenzoate following acquisition of genes from Pseudomonas sp. B 13 which are necessary for the assimilation of chlorocatechols. This derivative (WR 4011) was unable to use 4- or 5-chlorosalicylates. Derivatives able to use these compounds were obtained by plating WR 4011 on 5-chlorosalicylate minimal medium; one such derivative was designated WR 4016. The acquisition of this property was accompanied by concomitant loss of the methylsalicylate phenotype. During growth on 4- or 5-chlorosalicylate the typical enzymes of chlorocatechol assimilation were detected in cell free extracts, whereas catechol 2,3-dioxygenase activity was not induced. Repeated subcultivation of WR 4016 in the presence of 3-chlorosalicylate produced variants (WR 4016-1) which grew on all three isomers.
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