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Authors: Scherle, Marc
Nieken, Ulrich
Title: Simultaneous optimization of process operational and material parameters for a 2-bed adsorption refrigeration process
Issue Date: 2020 Zeitschriftenartikel 26 ChemEngineering 4 (2020), No. 31
ISSN: 2305-7084
Abstract: In process engineering, optimization is usually carried out without the simultaneous consideration of material and process. This issue is addressed in the following contribution. A model-based optimization is presented to improve the performance of adsorption heat pumps. Optimization is carried out in two steps. First, we optimize the operational parameters, the cycle time, and the thickness of the adsorbent for a given adsorption material. In a second step we use a material model to predict heat and mass transfer and adsorption capacity from structural material parameters. This allows us to vary the structural material parameters and calculate the optimal operational parameters for each adsorbent. The two-step optimization thus identifies optimal material properties together with corresponding optimal operational parameters. As constraints, a minimum specific cooling power (SCP) and the passive mass of heat transfer pipes are used. The coefficient of performance (COP) is taken as the objective function. We exemplarily demonstrate the approach for a two-bed adsorption chiller, carbide-derived carbon as the adsorbent, methanol as the sorptive and boron-nitrate as additive to improve heat conductivity. The approach can be easily extended to multi-bed installations and more sophisticated material models.
Appears in Collections:04 Fakultät Energie-, Verfahrens- und Biotechnik

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