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Authors: Zaiser, Sebastian
Cheung, Chun Tung
Yang, Sen
Dasari, Durga Bhaktavatsala Rao
Raeisi, Sadegh
Wrachtrup, Jörg
Title: Cyclic cooling of quantum systems at the saturation limit
Issue Date: 2021 Zeitschriftenartikel 7 npj quantum information 7 (2021), No. 92
ISSN: 2056-6387
Abstract: The achievable bounds of cooling quantum systems, and the possibility to violate them is not well-explored experimentally. For example, among the common methods to enhance spin polarization (cooling), one utilizes the low temperature and high-magnetic field condition or employs a resonant exchange with highly polarized spins. The achievable polarization, in such cases, is bounded either by Boltzmann distribution or by energy conservation. Heat-bath algorithmic cooling schemes (HBAC), on the other hand, have shown the possibility to surpass the physical limit set by the energy conservation and achieve a higher saturation limit in spin cooling. Despite, the huge theoretical progress, and few principle demonstrations, neither the existence of the limit nor its application in cooling quantum systems towards the maximum achievable limit have been experimentally verified. Here, we show the experimental saturation of the HBAC limit for single nuclear spins, beyond any available polarization in solid-state spin system, the Nitrogen-Vacancy centers in diamond. We benchmark the performance of our experiment over a range of variable reset polarizations (bath temperatures), and discuss the role of quantum coherence in HBAC.
Appears in Collections:08 Fakultät Mathematik und Physik

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