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Authors: Veyskarami, Maziar
Title: Coupled free-flow-porous media flow processes including drop formation
Issue Date: 2023
Publisher: Stuttgart : Eigenverlag des Instituts für Wasser- und Umweltsystemmodellierung der Universität Stuttgart Dissertation XXXIV, 129, 15
Series/Report no.: Mitteilungen / Institut für Wasser- und Umweltsystemmodellierung, Universität Stuttgart;303
ISBN: 978-3-910293-07-6
Abstract: Behavior of a coupled free-flow-porous medium system is determined by the interface between the two domains. Formation of droplets at the interface governs transport processes in the whole system by enormously affecting the exchange of mass, momentum, and energy between the free flow and the porous medium. A droplet that forms at the interface might grow or shrink due to the flow from the porous medium and evaporation from its surface into the free flow. It also might be detached from the interface by the free flow. An example of such phenomena in nature is formation of sweat droplets on the skin by perspiration and the resulted cooling effect through their evaporation into the surrounding air. Water management in fuel cells, cooling systems, and inkjet printing are just a few technical applications in which droplet formation at the interface between a free flow and a porous medium appears. In this work, we developed a novel model to describe the formation, growth and detachment as well as evaporation of droplets at the interface between a coupled free-flow-porous medium system. Pore-network modeling is used as a tool to capture pore-scale phenomena occurring in porous media. New coupling concepts between the free flow and the porous medium are developed, which include storing mass, momentum and energy in the droplet. The formation and growth of a droplet is described and a new approach is developed to include the impact of the growing droplet on the free-flow field. Description of the forces acting in the system is given and accordingly the droplet detachment is predicted. A clear description of the droplet evaporation is provided and the impact of free-flow and porous medium properties on the droplet evaporation have been analyzed.
Appears in Collections:02 Fakultät Bau- und Umweltingenieurwissenschaften

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