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Authors: Morabbi Heravi, Kambiz
Wenzel, Marian
Altenbuchner, Josef
Title: Regulation of mtl operon promoter of Bacillus subtilis: requirements of its use in expression vectors
Issue Date: 2011 Zeitschriftenartikel Microbial Cell Factories 10 (2011), Nr. 83. URL
Abstract: Several vector systems have been developed to express any gene desired to be studied in Bacillus subtilis. Among them, the transcriptionally regulated promoters involved in carbohydrate utilization are a research priority. Expression systems based on Bacillus promoters for xylose, maltose, and mannose utilization, as well as on the heterologous E. coli lactose promoter, have been successfully constructed. The promoter of the mtlAFD operon for utilization of mannitol is another promising candidate for its use in expression vectors. In this study, we investigated the regulation of the mtl genes in order to identify the elements needed to construct a strong mannitol inducible expression system in B. subtilis. Regulation of the promoters of Bacillus subtilis mtlAFD operon (PmtlA) and mtlR (PmtlR) encoding the activator were investigated by fusion to lacZ. Identification of the PmtlA and PmtlR transcription start sites revealed the sigma A like promoter structures. Also, the operator of PmtlA was determined by shortening, nucleotide exchange, and alignment of PmtlA and PmtlR operator regions. Deletion of the mannitol-specific PTS genes (mtlAF) resulted in PmtlA constitutive expression demonstrating the inhibitory effect of EIICBMtl and EIIAMtl on MtlR in the absence of mannitol. Disruption of mtlD made the cells sensitive to mannitol and glucitol. Both PmtlA and PmtlR were influenced by carbon catabolite repression (CCR). However, a CcpA deficient mutant showed only a slight reduction in PmtlR catabolite repression. Similarly, using PgroE as a constitutive promoter, putative cre sites of PmtlA and PmtlR slightly reduced the promoter activity in the presence of glucose. In contrast, glucose repression of PmtlA and PmtlR was completely abolished in a ptsG deletion mutant and significantly reduced in a MtlR (H342D) mutant.
Appears in Collections:04 Fakultät Energie-, Verfahrens- und Biotechnik

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