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Authors: Grell, Matthias
Zimmermann, Gudrun
Hülser, Dieter F.
Pfitzenmaier, Klaus
Scheurich, Peter
Title: TNF receptors TR60 and TR80 can mediate apoptosis via induction of distinct signal pathways
Issue Date: 1994 Zeitschriftenartikel Journal of immunology 153 (1994), S. 1963-1972
Abstract: TNF membrane receptors are usually co-expressed in many tissues but their relative contribution to cellular TNF responses is for most situations unknown. In a TNF cytotoxicity model of KYM-1, a human rhabdomyosarcoma cell line, we recently demonstrated that each of the two TNFRs is on its own capable of inducing cell death. Here we show that both receptors are able to induce apoptosis, as revealed from a similar onset of DNA fragmentation and typical morphologic criteria. To obtain additional information about the signaling pathways involved in TR60- and TR80-induced programmed cell death, we have used a series of selective inhibitors of intracellular signaling molecules. The overall pattern emerging from these experiments provides strong evidence for distinct signal pathway usage of TR60 and TR80, indicating protein kinase(s)-mediated control of TR60 signaling and a tight linkage of TR80 to arachidonate metabolism. The subsequent establishment of KYM-1·derived cell lines that display TNFR selective resistance further supports a segregation of TR60 and TR80 signaling pathways for induction of apoptotic cell death. Moreover, these results demonstrate an independent control of the distinct signaling cascades used by TR60 and TR80. This allows a highly flexible regulation of a cellular TNF response in those cases in which both receptors contribute to overall TNF responsiveness.
Appears in Collections:04 Fakultät Energie-, Verfahrens- und Biotechnik

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