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Autor(en): Strohmeier, Marco
Hrmova, Maria
Fischer, Markus
Harvey, Andrew J.
Pleiss, Jürgen
Fincher, Geoffrey B.
Titel: Molecular modelling of family GH16 glycoside hydrolases : potential roles for xyloglucan endotransglucosylases/hydrolases in cell wall modification in the Poaceae
Erscheinungsdatum: 2004
Dokumentart: Preprint
Erschienen in: Protein science 13 (2004), S. 3200-3213. URL
Zusammenfassung: Family GH16 glycoside hydrolases can be assigned to five sub-groups according to their substrate specificities, including xyloglucan endotransglucosylases/hydrolases (XTHs), (1,3)-β- galactanases, (1,4)-β-galactanases/κ-carrageenases, “non-specific” (1,3/1,3;1,4)-β-D-glucan endohydrolases and (1,3;1,4)-β-D-glucan endohydrolases. A structured family GH16 glycoside hydrolase database has been constructed ( and provides multiple sequence alignments with functionally annotated amino acid residues and phylogenetic trees. The database has been used for homology modelling of seven family GH16 glycoside hydrolases, based on structural coordinates for (1,3;1,4)-β-D-glucan endohydrolases and a κ-carrageenase. In combination with multiple sequence alignments, the models predict the three-dimensional dispositions of amino acid residues in the substrate-binding and catalytic sites of XTHs and (1,3/1,3;1,4)-β-D-glucan endohydrolases, for which no structural information is available. Furthermore, they reveal similarities with the active sites of family GH11 (1,4)-β-D-xylan endohydrolases. From a biological viewpoint, the classification and molecular modelling establish structural and evolutionary connections between XTHs, (1,3;1,4)-β-D-glucan endohydrolases and xylan endohydrolases, and raise the possibility that XTHs from higher plants could be active not only on cell wall xyloglucans, but also on (1,3;1,4)-β-D-glucans and arabinoxylans, which are major components of walls in grasses. A role for XTHs in (1,3;1,4)-β-D-glucan and arabinoxylan modification would be consistent with the apparent over-representation of XTH sequences in cereal EST databases.
Enthalten in den Sammlungen:03 Fakultät Chemie

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