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Autor(en): Bárdossy, András
Huang, Yingchun
Wagener, Thorsten
Titel: Simultaneous calibration of hydrological models in geographical space
Erscheinungsdatum: 2016
Dokumentart: Zeitschriftenartikel
Seiten: 2913-2928, 3
Erschienen in: Hydrology and earth system sciences 20 (2016), S. 2913-2928, 3 S.
ISSN: 1607-7938
Zusammenfassung: Hydrological models are usually calibrated for selected catchments individually using specific performance criteria. This procedure assumes that the catchments show individual behavior. As a consequence, the transfer of model parameters to other ungauged catchments is problematic. In this paper, the possibility of transferring part of the model parameters was investigated. Three different conceptual hydrological models were considered. The models were restructured by introducing a new parameter η which exclusively controls water balances. This parameter was considered as individual to each catchment. All other parameters, which mainly control the dynamics of the discharge (dynamical parameters), were considered for spatial transfer. Three hydrological models combined with three different performance measures were used in three different numerical experiments to investigate this transferability. The first numerical experiment, involving individual calibration of the models for 15 selected MOPEX catchments, showed that it is difficult to identify which catchments share common dynamical parameters. In the second numerical experiment, a common spatial calibration strategy was used. It was explicitly assumed that the catchments share common dynamical parameters. In the third numerical experiment, the common calibration methodology was applied for 96 catchments. Another set of 96 catchments was used to test the transfer of common dynamical parameters. The results show that even a large number of catchments share similar dynamical parameters. The performance is worse than those obtained by individual calibration, but the transfer to ungauged catchments remains possible. The performance of the common parameters in the second experiment was better than in the third, indicating that the selection of the catchments for common calibration is important.
Enthalten in den Sammlungen:02 Fakultät Bau- und Umweltingenieurwissenschaften

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